Inflamation of gingiva (gum) is called Gingivities. Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease involves inflammation and infection that destroys the tissues supporting the teeth, including gums, the periodontal ligaments and the tooth socket. It commonly occurs because a film of plague, bacteria accumulates on teeth.
Gingivities is an non-destructive type of periodontal disease, but if you left it untreated, gingivitis leads to Periodontitis. Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gingivities when the gum becomes infected, swellon, begin to receeede and there is an unpleasent odor from mouth.
- General illness
- Poor dental hygiene
- Accumulation of bacterial plaque between and around the teeth.
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Excessive deposition of tartar
- Accumulation of food particles between teeth and gums.
- Organisms which grow in accumulated food particles.
- Gingivities may occur with general stomatis, scurvy, or in chronic mercurial poisoning.
The tartar pushes to gingival margin away from the teeth, with the result of that-
Periodontal membrane is broken:> The gums recede:> Particles of food are accumulated between gum & teeth:> Bacteria grow in the accumulated food material & gets gingiva inflamed
What are the symptoms of gingivitis??
- Bleeding gums
- Brick red or red purple appearence to gums
- Swollen gums
- Mouth sores
- Shiny appearence to gums
- Receding gums
- Soft gums
- Gums that the tender when touched, but otherwise painless.
Treatment in early stage??
- Rub the teeth & gums with Triphala masi (charcol of triphala)
- Gargling with lukewarm decoction of Triphala and Neembark.
- Gargling with luke warm decoction from bark of banyan and Ficus religiosa.
- Masage gums with Licorice root powder mix with honey.
Formulations in Ayurveda
- Gum-tone-powder-for rubbing on teeth & gums.
- Irimedadi taila for gargling
- Khadiradi vati
- Sarivadi vati
Recommended diet and lifestyle??
- Regular scaling of teeth
- Daily massage of gums with finger
- Removal of debris with a wooden tooth pick
- Use asringent mouth wash ( ferric chloride)
- Always use a soft tooth brush
- Clean teeth after every meal
- Avoid sweets, refined flours and other refined foods
If above treatment does not cure the condition and majority of teeth are not loose, in this case Gingivectomy is advised.
By: Dr. Ranjeet Singh