Written by: Dr Ranjeet Singh
The basic constitution or Prakruti of each individual is determined at the time of conception. At the time of fertilization the single male unit ( the spematozoon) unites with the single female element (the ovum). At the moment of this union, the constitution of the individual is determined by permutations and combinations of bodily air, fire and water that manifest in the parent’s bodies. Ayurveda describes Prakruti (meaning-nature , creativity or the first creation) as the characteristic personality of an individual which is determined by a combination of three Doshas– Vata, Pitta and kapha. The constitution ( Prakruti) of an individual is primarily determined by the dominant Doshas. Your predominant dosha could be any one of the three, a combination of any two dosha or all three doshas in a balanced form.
The basic constitution (Prakruti) of the individual remains unchanged during the lifetime, as it is Genetically determined. The combination of elements presents at birth remains constant. However, the combination of elements that governs the continuous physiopathological changes in the body alters in response to change in the environment.
Why know your Prakruti (constitution)?
- Personal analysis of Prakruti helps you know about your body and its requirements.
- knowing your Prakruti can help you maintain optimal health.
- It will help you to plan your lifestyle according to the requirements of your body.
- knowing your Prakruti can help you to know how an imbalance is likely to occur in yourself.
Characteristics of each type of dosha given bellow will help you to find your constitution ( Prakruti)-
Vata– Dry, Rough, Cool, Brown, Black
Pitta– Soft, Oily, Warm, fair red,Yellowish
Kapha– thick, Oily, Cool, Pale, White
Vata- Black, Dry, Kinky ( Frizzy hair)
Pitta– Soft, Oily, Yelllow, Early Gray, Red
Kapha– Thick, Oily, wavy, Dark or Light
Vata– Protruding, Big, Uneven, Gums emaciated
Pitta- Moderate in size, Yellowish, Soft gums
kapha– Strong, White, Even
Vata– Small, Dull, Dry, brown, Black
Pitta– Sharp, Penetrating, Green, Grey, yellow
Kapha- Big, Attractive, Thick lashes, Blue
Vata- Variable, Scanty
Pitta- Good, Excessive, Regular
Kapha- Slow but steady
Vata- Dry, Hard,Constipated
Pitta- Soft, Oily, Loose
Kapha- Thick, Oily, Heavy, Slow
Vata- High ,Mobile
Kapha– Lethargy, slow
Vata- Restless, Active, Curious
Pitta- Aggressive, Intelligent, Clever
Vata- Recent memory good, Remote memory poor
Pitta- Sharp, Good
Kapha- Slow but prolonged
Vata– Fearful, Insecure, Unpredictable
Pitta– Aggressive, Irritable
Kapha- Calm and Slow
Vata- Erratic, Changeable
Vata- Frequent, Fearful, Flying, Running
Pitta- Fiery, Violent, Vivid, Anger
Kapha- Romantic, Calm
Vata– Light,Disturbed, Scanty
Pitta- Sound, Moderate
Kapha- Heavy, Prolonged
Vata– Poor, Spend money quickly on trifles
Pitta- Moderate, Buys Luxiries
Kapha- Rich, Spend on food
Vata- Thready, Feeble, Makes like a snack
Pitta- Moderate, Lumping like a frog
Kapha- road, Slow, Moves like a swan
Pitta-Sharp and Cutting
Kapha– Slow, Monotonou
Vata- Varies, directed in fantasy
Pitta– Passionate, Excessive
Kapha- Slow, Harmonious
Vata– Cold, Wind, Dryness
Pitta- Heat, Sun, Fires
Kapha- Cold, Damp, Humidity
Select one or more quality from each aspect of constitution that best describes your qualities. After you have finished taking the test, evaluate your responses. The category with the maximum score is supposedly is your predominant dosha or constitution.