Dosha are the biological factors which are responsible for various activities in our body. In Ayurveda science, dosha are divided into two categories viz. Sharirik dosha (physical factors) and Mansik dosha ( Mental factors). Sharirik Dosha further divided into three factors named Vata-Pitta-Kapha. According to Ayurveda, the first requirement for healing oneself and others is a clear understanding of the three dosha. The concept of Vata-Pitta-Kapha is unique to Ayurveda and it holds the potential for revolutionizing the healing system of West.

Vata dosha?

Sharagdhar said that, it is considered as cause for existence, production and destruction. Vata dosha is the prime factor among the tridosha for having control over the physiological functions of the body and the characteristic feature of Vayu is Sparsha Gyan. Vata is a principle of moment, that which moves is called Vata. Therefore, Vata may be translated as the bodily air principle. However, element of air in the external atmosphere is not the same as the air in the body. Bodily air or Vata may be characterized as the Subtle energy that governs biological movement. This biological principle of moment engenders all subtle changes in the metabolism.

Functions of Vata-dosha


2.Blinking of eyelids-

3.Movements in muscles and tissues-

4.Pulsation in heart-

5.Natural urges-

6.Motor functions-

7.Sensory functions-






Pitta dosha?

Pitha is translated as the fire, although the term does not literally mean fire. The fire of the candle or the fire in a fireplace maybe seen. Pitta is formed from two elements fire (🔥) and Water.

Functions of Pitta




4.Body temperature-

5.Skin coloration-

6.Luster of eyes-



9. Perception-


11. Thirst-


Kapha Dosha?

The translation of kapha is biological water, and this bodily principle is formed from the two elements Earth and water. Kapha cements the element in the body providing the material for physical structure. This dosha maintain body resistance. Water is the main constituent of Kapha and this bodily water is a responsible physiologically for biological system and natural tissue resistance in the body.

Functions of kapha

1.Lubricates the joint-

2.Provides moisture to the skin-

3.Helps to heal wounds-

4.Vigor and Stability-

5.Maintains immunity-


7.Emotions of attachment-

8.Forgiveness and love-

9.Cements the elements in body-

10.Memory retention-

Written by: Dr. Ranjeet Singh

Posted by:Ayur Plus