Author: Dr Ranjeet Singh
Nasya is a nasal administration of medicated powders or liquid drops. The powder or drops can be of calming nature that helps to promote sleep or relaxation, or more cleansing and stimulating in nature, or purely nutritive. But liquid drops are more cleansing in action. By cleansing we mean cleansing the sinus cavities but also clearing the area of the head and neck of excess vata-energy that which causes pain and tension. Vata energy in the head is known as” Prana” . Prana- energy relates to highest cerebral, sensory and motor functions and movement in the Kidneys.
Classically, this type of treatment is used for clearing the sinuses, reducing pain in the face, head, and neck and helping kidney function. From the beauty point of view it definitely reduces dark rings under the eyes, a pinched look in the sinuses, and/ or a sunken or puffy look around the eyes. It is simple technique but its effects run deep, both physically and emotionally.
Nasya should be contraindicated in such conditions:
- after hot bath
- after eating a meal
- after having sexual intercourse
- after drinking alcohol
- during menstruation or pregnancy
The equipment you will need to do Nasya kerma?
- panchakarma table
- a vessel
- oil for massage
- towel or facial tissues
- small amount of clean water
Medicines required for Nasya karma?
- Dhanvantaram oil
- Anu oil
- Kheera bala oil
- Shadhbindu oil
- Calamus powder
- Gotu kola
- Black pepper
- Ghee or other medicated oil
Nasya is indicated for following conditions-
- dryness of nose
- sinus congestion
- migraine headache
- certain eye and ear problems
Types of Nasya?
- Verechana nasya- cleansing with use of powder or herbs
- Nutritional nasya (Brimhana nasya)-for vata
- Sedative nasya
- Nasya decoctions
- Ghee or oil nasya
- Nasal massage
Nasya karma procedure?
The patient should sit or lie down in a comfortable posture. He has to undergo gentle massage over the head, forehead and face followed by mild fomentation. Slightly warm oil should be instilled in the prescribed dose in each nostril. Gentle massage is to be performed on the plantar and palmar regions, shoulder and back. The patient is allowed to spit if he feels discomfort due to oil in the throat. After completion of the procedure, oil on the face is to be wiped off and complete rest is advised to the patient. Gargling with warm water may follow inhalation of medicated smoke through mouth may be given after Nasya.
Administration of powder
A dry powder of gotu kola is blown into the nose with a tube. It used in kapha disorders ( such as; headache, heaviness in the head, cold, running nose, sticky eyes, hoarseness due to sticky kapha, sinusitis, drowsiness, parkinsonism, chronic rhinitis).
Use ghee, oil, salt. Nutritional Nasya is used in Vata disorders, such as; migraine headache, dryness of voice, dry nose, nervousness, anxiety, fear, dizziness, emptiness, negativity, ptosis, bursitis, stiffness in the neck, cervical spondylosis, dry sinuses, loss of sense of smell.
For sedative Nasya, we can use aloe vera juice, warm milk, juice of asparagus root, gotu kola juice. Sedative Nasya is used only in Pitta disorders as we mentioned above i.e. hair fall, conjuctivitis, ringing in the ear.
In oil Nasya decoctions and oils together are used in all three doshas ( Vata-Pitta-Kapha).
Dip the clean little finger into the appropriate oil and insert into each nostril as deeply as possible. The nasal passage is then lubricated through this gentle massage. Nasal massage helps to relax the deeper tissues and can be done every day or any time one under stress.
Benefits reported in patients after doing Nasya
- feeling relaxed and recharged all over
- relief of tension patterns all around the chest
- better and longer sleep
- relief of chronic neck pain
- feel alert and have more energy
- look younger
- have less stress held in the face
(References: Sushrut nid-40/21, ash. hri.su-20/1, cha. sidd.-2/20-22, Ancient healing of India By V. Lad)