Acne (Pimples)-causes, risk factors, treatment in Ayurveda

Acne is a skin condition characterized by whiteheads, blackheads and inflamed red pimples. In ancient Ayurvedic text acne or pimples is known as Mukhdooshika


Author- Dr Ranjeet Singh


Acne is a skin condition characterized by whiteheads, blackheads and inflamed red pimples. In ancient Ayurvedic text acne or pimples is known as Mukhdooshika or Yuwanapeedaka. Acne is a skin disorder. It usually affects the face, hence Mukhdooshika is name. In many cases neck, back, shoulders and chest may also be affected. Oil secreting glands or sebaceous glands are present in the skin. An inflammation of the sebaceous glands of the skin manifested by hard inflamed pimples. The condition is most common among teenagers. Hence, name Youwan peedika or Tarun peedika.

Alternative names ?

  • Acne Vulgaris
  • Comedones
  • Cystic Acne
  • Pimples and
  • Zits

Causes of Acne?

The condition occurs when tiny holes on the surface of the skin, called pores, become plugged. Each pore is an opening to a Canal called follicle, which contains a hair and and oil gland. Normally, the oil glands helps keep the skin lubricated and help remove all skin cells when gland produce too much oil, the pores can become blocked, accumulating dirt, debris and bacteria. The blockage or plug is often called a comedone. The top of the plug may be white (whitehead) or dark (blackhead). If the, comedone ruptures, the material inside, including oil and bacteria can spread to the surrounding area and cause and inflammatory reaction. The inflammation usually takes the form of pimples or zits. If the inflammation is deep in your skin, the pimples may enlarge to form painful cyst.

What Ayurveda says?

Acne is the result of high Pitta moving under the skin and breaking out in pimples. Ayurveda recommends several natural approaches that, taken together can effectively control acne.

The possible pitta-provoking causes are numerous. They include emotional stress, premature hormonal changes, and exposure to chemical or too much sunlight. The problem might also be a bacterial infection. It is important to find out the cause, so it can be properly treated or in the case of exposure to Chemicals or sunlight, simply avoided.


Acne commonly appears on the face and shoulders, but may also occur on the trunk, arms, legs and buttocks. Acne is most common in teenagers, but it can help happen at any age including as an infant. Nearly 8 out of 10 young people between the age of 12 and 24 suffer from some degree of acne. It is closely related to the disturbances in the hormones experienced at puberty.

The majority of patients recover between the ages 20 and 30 years but it is still common in men over 30 years. In women, it really lasts beyond the early thirties and is normally worsen before each menstrual period. The disease causes a great deal of embarrassment at an age when people tend to be sensitive about personal appearance.

Risk factors

  • Greasy or oily cosmetic and hair products.
  • Certain dugs ( such as steroids, testosterone, estrogen, lithium, phenytoin for seizures and isoniazid for tuberculosis).
  • High levels of humidity.
  • Sweating a lot or friction from head bands, back, or tight collars.

Treatment with Anti-biotics

In a country where the strongest antibiotics are falling like ninepins to resistant infections, a popular treatment for common acne is threatening to sink into oblivion and entire anti-biotic class.

Dermatologist of Maulana Azad Medical College in Delhi trailing antibiotic resistance patterns in ance cases are stumped by their new finding- almost all the cases that tested were resistant to Azithromycin, commonly used to treat upper respiratory tract infection and pneumonia, among other conditions.

Research genomic mapping of Pacnes and antibiotic- resistance is currently underway, but those at the helm have already sounded the Alert- Dermatologist should Steel chair of Azithromycin. They point out it is an off-label drug for Acne treatment in any case.

Doctors at their fraternity has used as Cannon to kill a fly-a- higher antibiotics like azithromycin to treat acne.

The resistance has drawn multiple worries lines. Head of department of Dermatology at KEM Hospital, Pune said dermatologist in India had switched to Doxycycling and Azithromycin to treat acne after other antibiotics like Tetracycline and Erythromycin is stopped working on the infection.

Besides, unregulated use has only increased the fitness of organisms, and reduced immunity of people, says Dr. Ghokhle. He explains that as resistance against antibiotics builds, the strains that are resistant to the drug can cause other infections, more commonly in the drug.

Dermatologist say that they have already changed treatment protocols. Antibacterials should not be used in monotherapy and for a short duration. Antibacterials should be avoided at least for localized acne says Dermatologist with KEM, Mumbai consultant Dermatologist with Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai said the tropical antibiotics are now being combined with benzoyl peroxide and the resistant cases were becoming a concern. Researchers say the resistance will only spread.

The organisms causing acne can spread from one person to another if people don’t stop using antibiotics and which would ensure most people will stop reacting to antibiotics.

Study published in the archives of Dermatology had stated that patient who had taken antibiotics for Acne were more vulnerable for pharyngitis.

Ayurvedic treatment for acne

Ayurvedic drugs proved preventive and curative effects on acne vulgaris. The treatment of acne by the administration of Salve or ointment does not serve any purpose. They only supress the action of the sebaceous glands temporally. To cure acne completely, it has to be treated by a complete measure of the following ayurvedic drugs.

Simple home remedies

Here are some pastes you can make at home and apply your skin. That can be effective in reducing acne.

  • Apply a paste prepared from the Sandalwood red type, coriander, turmeric, terminalia Arjuna with card water.
  • Mix 1 tablespoon fresh coriander powder with a pinch of turmeric powder apply on pimples and blackheads.

  • For oily skin wash with decoction of Triphala and Azadirachta Indica.
  • Prepare a paste by mixing equal quantities of saffron, turmeric, margosa (Neem), red sandalwood, basil and fuller’s earth with buttermilk or milk and applied twice a day.
  • Rub some melon on the skin at bedtime, and leave it on overnight. Its cooling and anti-ptta quality will help heal acne. It also makes the skin soft.

Ayurvedic formulations

  1. Application of paste of Bakuchi ( Psolarea corrglifolia)
  2. Triphala tablet
  3. Shankhabhasma tablet orally and shankhabhasma paste
  4. Chandra Prabha vati
  5. Sundarivati
  6. Combination of Mahamanjishthadi kwath and Shokshma triphla

(Note– If pimples are due to PCOD in a girl patient then give treatment of PCOD, pimples Will be cured)

(Don’t start self medication, always consult your doctor before taking any of the drug)

Some effective Yoga postures for acne

  1. Lion pose
  2. Moon salutation

Breathing exercise

Breathing through the left nostril only, for 5 to 10 minutes will help to reduce Pitta. Simply cover the right nostril with your thumb, and breathe normally through the left side. If the nostril is blocked don’t force it try again later.

Food restriction helps for cure of acne?

Avoidance of fatty, spicy and stale food help for non formation of Ama i.e. toxic substances. Constipation Ama and genetic factors aggravate acne formation in pustuler, nodular form. Aloe vera, carrot, onion and cabbage are useful for clearing the skin. It can be used as used to be taken internally and paste for external application. Exercise in fresh air, minimum stress and keeping bowels clear are useful factors to keep acne problem under control.