Author: Dr Ranjeet Singh
According to Ayurveda, the practice of yoga, which is a spiritual science of life, is a very important, natural, preventive measure to ensure good health. Ayurveda and Yoga are sister sciences. In India, it is traditional to study Ayurveda before taking up the practice of yoga, because Ayurveda is the science of the body and only when the body has become fit in the individual considered ready to study the spiritual science of yoga.
The yogic practices described by the father of yoga, Patanjali, a very useful in maintaining good health, happiness and longevity. Patanjali described the eight limbs of yoga and yogic practices these are: the natural regulation of nervous system, discipline, cleansing, postures, concentration, contemplation, the awakening of awareness and the state of perfect equilibrium.
Yoga brings man to the natural state of tranquility which is equilibrium. Thus, yogic exercises have preventive and curative value. Yogic practices help to bring natural order and balance to the neurohormones and the metabolism and improve the endocrine metabolism and thus provide fortification against stress. Yogic practices for the treatment of stress and stress-related disorders ( such as hypertension and diabetes and obesity) are remarkably effective.
Yoga is the science of union with the ultimate being. Ayurveda is the science of living of daily life. When Yogis perform certain postures and follow certain disciplines, they open up and move energies that have accumulated, stagnated in the energy centres. When stagnant, to these energies create various ailments. Yogis may temporarily suffer physical and psychological disorders because in the course of yogic cleansing mind, body and consciousness, disease producing toxins are released. Employing Ayurvedic diagnosis and treatment, the yogic deal effectively with these disorders.
Ayurveda indicates which type of yoga is suitable for each person, according to his particular constitution. For example, a person of Pitta constitution should not perform the headstand poster for more than one minute. If he does, the result will be mental disorientation. Similarly, a person of Vata constitution should not perform the shoulder stand for a long time, because the shoulder stand exerts too much weight on the seventh cervical vertebra, this vertebra is sensitive and the delicate bone structure of Vata may cause a shift in the spinal column. Repressed anger will shift the cervical vertebra to the right side and repressed fear will shift in to the left. The person of Kapha constitution should not perform the hidden lotus posture for an extended time because dispose causes direct pressure on the adrenal glands.