Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid helps in cell building, maintaining normal growth and development of the central nervous system. It stimulates the adrenal glands and increases the production of cortisone and other adrenal hormones. It is essential for conversion of fat and sugar to energy. It also helps guard against most physical and mental stress and toxins and increases with vitality.
The main sources of this vitamin are are whole grain bread and cereals, green vegetables, peas, beans, peanuts and egg yolk. It can be synthesized in the body by intestinal bacteria. A deficiency can cause chronic fatigue, hypoglycemia and loss of hair, mental depression, stomach disorders, blood and skin disorders.
The minimum daily requirement of this vitamin has not established, but it is estimated to be between 30 and 50 milligram. The usual therapeutic doses are 50 to 100 milligrams or more given daily for 6 months without side effects. It is useful in the treatment of insomnia, low blood pressure and high hypoglycemia or low blood sugar.