Author: Dr Ranjeet Singh
Dandruff refers to the flaking scalp which falls like snow flakes and settles on one’s brows, shoulders and clothes, but assumes an unpleasant, irritating condition associated with bacteria, in the case of excessive formation of scales on the scalp. These scales are formed from the horny layers of the skin.
The greatest number of sebaceous (oil) glands are found on the face and scalp. Oil secretion, lubricates the hair and scalp in order to keep both soft and pliable. Excess sebum may collect to form dandruff.
Dandruff is a covering of dead skin that prevents new hair from growing, because it cannot break through the dead skin. Scaling or flaking of scalp cells results. It may or may not be accompanied by itching.
The scaliness increases whenever the hair is brushed or rubbed, it may also appear as lump or crust on the scalp.
Although dandruff can sometimes be caused by a fungal infection or other skin disease, in most cases it is produced when the scalp doesn’t receive a sufficient supply of blood. Consequently there is a lack of protein in the skin, which becomes dry and flaky.
Dandruff may also be due to deficiency of Vitamin B-6, or to an excess of vata- dosha which also makes the skin dry.
Other factors contributing to dandruff are emotional tension, harsh shampoos, exposed to cold and general exhaustion.
Numerous medicated shampoos are available in the market for the treatment of dandruff. Most of these, however, in the process of curing the disorder, cause irreparable damage to the hair roots because of the synthetic ingredients contained in them. The treatment of dandruff has to be largely constitutional if a permanent cure is designed.
To improve circulation to the scalp, massage for a few minutes daily with Neem oil (in a sesame oil base). If a fungal infection of the skin is causing the dandruff, the neem oil, which has disinfectant properties, will help in this also.
Another way is to use some egg white mixed with lime juice. Put two egg whites in a small jar or container with the fresh juice of lime, mix together, and apply to your hair. Let it stay in your hair for half an hour, then wash the hair with neem soap. The egg white will provide the scalp with the lacking protein, and the dandruff will soon disappear.
Several home remedies have been found useful in the treatment of dandruff:
- The the use of fenugreek(methi) seeds in such remedy. Two tablespoons of fenugreek seeds should be soaked overnight in water. The softened seeds should be ground into a fine paste in the morning. This paste should be applied all over the scalp and left for half an hour. The hair should then be washed with soapnut (reetha) solution or shikakai.
- Use of teaspoon of fresh lime juice for the last rinse, while washing hair, is equally beneficial. This not only leaves the hair glowing but also removes stickness and prevents dandruff.
- Mixed 2-3 teaspoons of coconut oil with one teaspoon of Indian gooseberry (Amla) juice. Gentaly massage the scalp with this each day.
- Mix 2 teaspoon of vinegar to 5 teaspoon of water. Apply the mixture on the scalp and leave it overnight, wash your hair in the morning with water.
How one can keep dandruff free hair?
If you are wishing to keep your hair dandruff free, you have to follow this~ Wash hair regularly 2 to 3 times a week with a mild shampoo. Massage your hair with oil every time before washing the head and hair. Indigestion, constipation and acid stomach should be treated. Avoid spicy, greasy, hot and penetrating foods, junk foods and aerated drinks. Have food with good nutritive value; include fibre rich food, salad, fruits and lentils.